Stages of Pregnancy & Pregnancy Tips

What to expect and tips to help you stay healthy during your pregnancy

Being pregnant is amazing. During the 40 weeks of the pregnancy calendar your body experiences incredible change. Read on to find out what to expect during the three stages of pregnancy (trimesters), plus, learn some good tips to help keep you and your baby healthy.

First Trimester (weeks 1-12)

There’s a lot going on inside your body right now. Every bit of you is beginning to discover what it means to be pregnant. This can include:

  • Extreme tiredness
  • Morning sickness
  • Tender or swollen breasts
  • Food cravings
  • Mood swings
  • Weight gain

Second Trimester (weeks 13-28)

You may find this trimester easier than the first. As morning sickness and tiredness fade, your bump will begin to show more. Before long, you’ll feel your baby move. You’ll also experience:

  • Aches in your back, tummy and groin
  • Stretch marks
  • Numb or tingling hands
  • Slight swelling of the ankles, fingers and face

Third Trimester (weeks 29-40)

You’ll now have a football sized bump. You’ll feel discomfort as your baby presses against your organs. As well as the need to go to the toilet more often, you also notice:

  • Shortness of breath
  • More pronounced swelling of the ankles, fingers and face (If this becomes extreme, contact your health care professional immediately)
  • Tender breasts, which may leak a watery pre-milk fluid (colostrum)
  • Trouble sleeping

Top tips to help keep you healthy during pregnancy

Don’t ignore your body’s changes – a little person is growing inside you. Use these pregnancy tips to make some changes too:

  • Go to bed earlier and get more sleep (while you can!)
  • Eat a healthy nutritious diet
  • Avoid unpasteurised dairy products, mouldy cheeses, cold meats and soft boiled eggs which can carry bacteria. Consult your doctor for a full list of foods to avoid.
  • Take folic acid supplements until your 12th week of pregnancy to help prevent your baby being born with harmful conditions. Consult your doctor for further information.
  • Avoid cat faeces as it can contain an organism that can cause harm to the baby. Consult your doctor for further information.
  • Clean and disinfect commonly touched surfaces around the home
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water


Wherever you are on the pregnancy calendar, enjoy it – the time will fly.