Growing up: Your baby’s stages 4-6 months

You’ll be amazed by how fast your baby grows in the first year. Find information about every child development stage, from a first smile to crawling. These tips will help keep your home a hygienic environment for your little explorer.

Milestones: 4-6 months

Milestones: 4-6 monthsIt’s a delight for new parents to watch their babies grow, and every new milestone they hit is a momentous occasion. While all babies grow at different rates, you will probably see your baby develop many new skills during this time. By the end of the sixth month, your baby will probably:

  • Sit up with support and roll over both ways
  • Lift and hold objects
  • Reach for things, and try to put things in their mouth
  • Pass things from one hand to another
  • Enjoy shaking things that make a noise
  • Bear weight on their legs when you hold him/her up
  • Start to make noises and enjoy making new and different sounds
  • Begin to form sounds like 'ba', 'da', ma'; babble, laugh, squeal or try to imitate you
  • Start to cut their first teeth - most babies get their first teeth at about 6 months, the 2 lower front teeth (central incisors) usually appear first
  • Be ready to start tackling weaning foods

Child wellbeing and safety

Now that your baby is grasping at everything within reach and approaching the crawling stage, it is important to baby-proof your home for child wellbeing and safety. Here are some tips to help you keep your little one protected, healthy and thriving.

  • Hand washing: trying to help prevent the spread of germs is still very important at this stage, so wash your hands regularly, especially before preparing a feed, handling sterilised equipment and after changing a nappy
  • Hand sanitisers: if you’re out and about and do not have access to soap and water, you can use an alcohol-based hand sanitiser to help kill the germs on your hands
  • Sterilising equipment: until your baby is one year old, before every use, you need to clean and sterilise any equipment that will touch your baby's milk or go into their mouth, such as bottles, teats, breast pumps, teething rings and dummies
  • Food preparation surfaces: always clean and disinfect surfaces, for example with a disinfectant liquid or disinfectant spray, before using them to prepare feeds or weaning foods
  • Feeding: take extra care to clean any blenders, food processors and utensils that will come in contact with your baby's weaning foods. Use detergent and hot water. Make sure you scrub surfaces and then rinse thoroughly with hot, clean water
  • Clean and disinfect hand contact surfaces: to help stop germs spreading around your home you need to clean and disinfect contact surfaces, such as taps, handles and bench tops
  • Nappy changing mats: after each nappy change, you need to clean and disinfect nappy changing surfaces, and any surface you may have contaminated with germs
  • High chairs: when your baby is ready to start using a high chair, always use the safety harness. Remove any food debris promptly, and clean and disinfect the tray before putting your baby's food on it
  • Electrical hazards: relocate electrical appliances with cords that baby could grab, especially kettles and irons. Choose a kettle with a short or coiled cord so it does not dangle over the work surface. Cover any electrical sockets with safety caps
  • Other hazardous items: store any medicines, chemicals (including cleaning products), plastic bags and lighters out of sight and reach of your children or lock them away somewhere safe. Do not leave hot drinks where your baby could reach them
  • Cleaning products: read labels carefully before using any cleaning products. Store them in their original containers and never remove the labels
Always read the label and use only as directed.